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Legislation from United States of America Senate

Supporting Eating Disorders Recovery Through Vital Expansion Act

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Supporting Eating Disorders Recovery Through Vital Expansion Act

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10/23/19

Introduced

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Introduced in Senate

Date: October 23, 2019

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116.S.2673
Supporting Eating Disorders Recovery Through Vital Expansion Act
Date: October 23, 2019Official Title: To amend title 10, United States Code, to provide for eating disorders treatment for members and certain former members of the uniformed services, and dependents of such members, and for other purposes.Short titleThis Act may be cited as the "Supporting Eating Disorders Recovery Through Vital Expansion Act" or the "SERVE Act".FindingsCongress finds the following:
  • (1) Eating disorders affect approximately 30,000,000 Americans, including individuals from every age, gender, body size, race, and socioeconomic status.
  • (2) Eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, avoidant restrictive intake disorder, and other specified feeding or eating disorders.
  • (3) Eating disorders result in the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric illness, and the suicide rate for individuals with such disorders is 23 percent higher than the suicide rate for the general population.
  • (4) Research demonstrates that
    • (A) eating disorders often co-occur with complex medical conditions, mental illnesses, and substance use disorders; and
    • (B) up to 35 percent of individuals with a substance use disorder have a co-occurring eating disorder.
  • (5) Studies indicate that there is a higher prevalence of eating disorders among members of the Armed Forces and veterans than among the general population.
  • (6) Family members of members of the Armed Forces have a higher prevalence of eating disorders than the general population, with 20 percent of children of members of the Armed Forces found at risk of developing an eating disorder.
  • (7) Research has found a significant relationship between eating disorders and members of the Armed Forces and veterans with a history of post-traumatic stress and sexual trauma.
  • (8) Female members of the Armed Forces have a particularly high risk for an eating disorder, as studies have found that 16 percent of such members have an eating disorder and 34 percent of such members are at risk of developing an eating disorder.Eating disorders treatment for dependentsSection 1077 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  • (1) in subsection (a)(5), by inserting ", including, in accordance with subsection (i), eating disorders" after "chronic conditions"; and
  • (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  • (1) The provision of health care services for an eating disorder under subsection (a)(5) shall include treatment at facilities providing the following hospital-based or freestanding services: